Jun 14, 2024  
2023-2024 Undergraduate Catalog 
2023-2024 Undergraduate Catalog

Philosophy (BA)

Program Educational Goals:

  1. Develop a good understanding of the central topics (ethics, metaphysics, epistemology, logic) of philosophy and the history of philosophical inquiry into those topics.
  2. Understand the methods of philosophical inquiry: a. How philosophical analyses and theories are developed, defended, and criticized. b. How to recognize and evaluate the logical structure of reasoning in philosophical and other work.
  3. Interpret, analyze, and evaluate philosophical texts; identify, analyze, and evaluate the philosophical content in other kinds of writing.
  4. Engage honestly and respectfully with opposing views, inviting and anticipating challenges to one’s own views, and responding constructively to those challenges.
  5. Understand how to apply philosophical methods and theories to issues arising in society (such as law, politics, medicine, the environment, etc.).
  6. Write clear, analytical, and persuasive essays using original, philosophical argumentation.

University Requirements:

College Requirements:

College Breadth Requirements:

The College Breadth requirements are in addition to the University Breadth requirement. Up to three credits from each of the University Breadth Requirement categories may be used to simultaneously satisfy these College of Arts and Sciences Breadth Requirements. Minimum grade C- required for courses used to satisfy College Breadth.

*If the grade earned is sufficient, a course may be applied toward more than one requirement (e.g., breadth and major requirements), but the credits are counted only once toward the total credits for graduation. If all but one course in a group has been taken in one department or program, a course cross-listed with that program will not satisfy the distribution requirement.

Foreign Language:

  • Completion of the intermediate-level course (107 or 202) in an ancient or modern language with minimum grades of D-.
    • The number of credits (0-12) needed and initial placement will depend on the number of years of high school study of foreign language.
      • Students with four or more years of high school work in a single foreign language, or who have gained proficiency in a foreign language by other means, may attempt to fulfill the requirement in that language by taking an exemption examination  through the Languages, Literatures and Cultures Department.


The math requirement must be completed by the time a student has earned 60 credits. Students who transfer into the College of Arts and Sciences with 45 credits or more must complete this requirement within two semesters.

Complete one of the following four options (minimum grade D-):

Option One:

Option Two:

One of the following:

Option Three:

Successful completion of any 200-level or higher mathematics course except: MATH 201 , MATH 202 , MATH 205 , MATH 251 , MATH 252 , MATH 253 , and MATH 266 .

Option Four:

  • Successful performance on a proficiency test in mathematics administered by the Department of Mathematical Sciences (0 credits awarded).

Second Writing Requirement:

A Second Writing Requirement  approved by the College of Arts and Sciences. This course must be taken after completion of 60 credit hours, completed with a minimum grade of C-, and the section enrolled must be designated as satisfying the requirement in the academic term completed.

Major Requirements:

30 PHIL credits minimum; 45 PHIL credits maximum.  A grade of C- is required in all major courses.

History of Philosophy:

Two of the following:


One of the following:



One of the following:


One of the following:

Senior Seminar:

Philosophy Electives:

  • Nine credits of PHIL electives.
    • One three-credit course at the 300-level or above
    • One three-credit course with multicultural content
  • Note: Any course with a PHIL prefix (including cross-listed courses) can count towards this requirement.


*Note that PHIL 305  can be used to satisfy either the requirement in Epistemology or the requirement in Metaphysics, but not both. A student who takes PHIL 305  must take at least one additional course from one of those two categories.


After required courses are completed, sufficient elective credits must be taken to meet the minimum credit requirement for the degree.

Credits to Total a Minimum of 124

Last Revised for 2023-2024 Academic Year