Jun 15, 2024  
2022-2023 Undergraduate Catalog 
2022-2023 Undergraduate Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Biological Sciences (BA)

Program Educational Goals:

Program Description: Designed in the spirit of a liberal arts degree; students develop an understanding of biology while having flexibility to pursue their other interests including complementary minors/majors.

  • Goal 1: Demonstrate knowledge of major Biology core concepts.
  • Goal 2: Understand and apply the process of science, including experimental design, data analysis and interpretation.
  • Goal 3: Use critical thinking and quantitative reasoning for analysis and evaluation.
  • Goal 4: Demonstrate written and oral skills for communicating scientific ideas.
  • Goal 5: Gain skills to work independently and collaboratively.

University Requirements:

College Requirements:

College Breadth Requirements:

The College Breadth requirements are in addition to the University Breadth requirement. Up to three credits from each of the University Breadth Requirement categories may be used to simultaneously satisfy these College of Arts and Sciences Breadth Requirements. Minimum grade C- required for courses used to satisfy College Breadth.

*If the grade earned is sufficient, a course may be applied toward more than one requirement (e.g., breadth and major requirements), but the credits are counted only once toward the total credits for graduation. If all but one course in a group has been taken in one department or program, a course cross-listed with that program will not satisfy the distribution requirement.

Foreign Language:

  • Completion of the intermediate-level course (107 or 202) in an ancient or modern language with minimum grades of D-.
    • The number of credits (0-12) needed and initial placement will depend on the number of years of high school study of foreign language.
      • Students with four or more years of high school work in a single foreign language, or who have gained proficiency in a foreign language by other means, may attempt to fulfill the requirement in that language by taking an exemption examination  through the Languages, Literatures and Cultures Department.


The math requirement must be completed by the time a student has earned 60 credits. Students who transfer into the College of Arts and Sciences with 45 credits or more must complete this requirement within two semesters.

Complete one of the following four options (minimum grade D-):

Option One:

Option Two:

One of the following:

Option Three:

Successful completion of any 200-level or higher mathematics course except: MATH 201 , MATH 202 , MATH 205 , MATH 251 , MATH 252 , MATH 253 , and MATH 266 .

Option Four:

  • Successful performance on a proficiency test in mathematics administered by the Department of Mathematical Sciences (0 credits awarded).

Second Writing Requirement:

A Second Writing Requirement  approved by the College of Arts and Sciences. This course must be taken after completion of 60 credit hours, completed with a minimum grade of C-, and the section enrolled must be designated as satisfying the requirement in the academic term completed.

Major Requirements:

Minimum grade C- required in all BISC courses for a total of at least 33 credits in Biological Sciences. Minimum 33 credits, maximum 45 credits in Biological Sciences.

Biology courses (other than BISC 100 ) at the 100-level may not be counted toward this degree.

Required Lecture Courses:

Literature-based Biology:

A literature-based course chosen from the approved list .

Biology Electives:

Biology electives at the 300-level or above (minimum grade C-) to total 33 credit hours in Biological Sciences. BISC 100 , BISC 207 , and BISC 208  count towards the total of 33 credits needed for the major. Six of the 33 credits may come from a list of approved courses from other academic units  (minimum grade C-). Up to four credits of research or independent study (BISC 366 , BISC 466 , or BISC 468 ) or six credits of thesis (either BISC 451  and BISC 452  or UNIV 401  and UNIV 402 ) may be counted toward the 33 credits.

Related Coursework:


After required courses are completed, sufficient elective credits must be taken to meet the minimum credit requirement for the degree.

Credits to Total a Minimum of 124

Last Revised 2022-2023 Academic Year