May 18, 2024  
2021-2022 Undergraduate Catalog 
2021-2022 Undergraduate Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Biological Sciences (BS)

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University Requirements:

College Requirements:

Second Writing Requirement:

A Second Writing Requirement  approved by the College of Arts and Sciences. This course must be taken after completion of 60 credit hours, completed with a minimum grade of C-, and the section enrolled must be designated as satisfying the requirement in the academic term completed.

Foreign Language:

  • Completion of the intermediate-level course (107,112, or 202) in an ancient or modern language with minimum grades of D-.
    • The number of credits (0-12) needed and initial placement will depend on the number of years of high school study of foreign language.
      • Students with four or more years of high school work in a single foreign language, or who have gained proficiency in a foreign language by other means, may attempt to fulfill the requirement in that language by taking an exemption examination  through the Languages, Literatures and Cultures Department.

College of Arts and Sciences Breadth Requirements:

The College Breadth Requirements are taken in addition to the University Breadth Requirement. Up to three credits from each of the University Breadth Requirement categories may be used to simultaneously satisfy these College of Arts and Sciences Breadth Requirements. College Breadth courses must be completed with a minimum grade of C-.

A total of 21 credits from Groups A, B, and C is required with a minimum of six credits in each group. The six credits from each group could be from the same area.

Major Requirements:

Minimum grade C- required in all BISC courses for a total of at least 43 credits in Biological Sciences.

Biology courses (other than BISC 100 ) at the 100-level may not be counted toward these degrees.

Literature-based Biology:

A literature-based course chosen from the approved list .

Biology Electives:

Biology electives at the 300-level or above to total 43 credit hours in Biological Sciences. BISC 100 , BISC 207 , and BISC 208  count towards the total of 43 credits needed for the major. Nine of the 43 credits may come from a list of approved courses from other academic units  (minimum grade C-). Up to four credits of research or independent study (BISC 366 , BISC 466 , or BISC 468 ) or six credits of thesis (either BISC 451  and BISC 452  or UNIV 401  and UNIV 402 ) may be counted toward the 43 credits.

Related Coursework:

A grade of D (not D-) or better must be obtained in Chemistry, Physics, and Mathematics and Statistics courses required for all Biological Sciences majors and minor.


Two semesters of General Chemistry, two semesters of Organic Chemistry with laboratory and one semester of Biochemisty are required. Students may choose from the following options.

General Chemistry:

Eight credits from the following:


One of the following:


Choose one of the following:



*An equivalent course formally approved and submitted by Department Chair or his/her designee (e.g., Associate Chair, Undergraduate Program Director).


After required courses are completed, sufficient elective credits must be taken to meet the minimum credit requirement for the degree.

Credits to Total a Minimum of 124

Last Revised for 2021-2022 Academic Year

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