If any of the course requirements are satisfied through proficiency tests or exams, elective credits must be substituted to make up 60 hours. Courses taken to fulfill specific group, math, or language proficiency or multicultural requirements must be taken for a regular grade, not pass/fail.
College of Arts and Sciences Breadth Requirements
Courses in each of the groups A-D must be taken in at least two departments. If all but one course in a group has been taken in one department or program, a course cross-listed with that department or program will not satisfy the distribution requirement.
Group A. Creative Arts and Humanities
These courses provide students with an understanding and appreciation of the visual and performing arts, of aesthetic forms, designs, or craftsmanship, or of literary, philosophical, and intellectual traditions. Courses may focus on a single aesthetic form or intellectual tradition, or cross-cultural comparisons. 9
Group B. History and Cultural Change
These courses provide students with an understanding of the sources and forces of historical changes in ideas, beliefs, institutions, and cultures. Courses may address social, cultural, intellectual, economic, technological, artistic, scientific, and political development, changes in a discipline, or globalization and its effects. 9
Group C. Social and Behavioral Sciences
These courses provide students with an understanding of the behavior of individuals and social groups in the context of their human and natural environments. Courses emphasize the empirical findings, applications, and methods of the social and behavioral sciences. 9
Group D. Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Technology
These courses provide students with an understanding of fundamental and/or applied concepts and phenomena from mathematics, logic, natural or physical sciences, and technology including quantitative reasoning and methods used to approach and solve problems. Ten credits of courses representing at least two departments or appropriate instructional units and including a minimum of one course with an associated laboratory. 10
After required courses are completed, sufficient elective credits must be taken to meet the minimum credit requirement for the degree. Students may opt to take one free elective course per semester pass/fail, but the total number of credits taken on a pass/fail basis may not exceed 12, excluding courses that are graded pass/fail only. Courses numbered below 100-level do not count toward a degree.